Intentions and conventions in linguistic communication. A non-Gricean programme in the philosophy of language and cognitive science
Investigator: Maciej Witek , Co-investigator: Mateusz Włodarczyk , Grant: National Science Centre, Poland Grant No. 2015/19/B/HS1/03306
In this project, we examine the adequacy of the Gricean programme in the philosophy of language and cognitive science and, next, develop an alternative, Austinian framework based on the idea of language use as a rule-governed and norm-guided activity. After a critical discussion of the Gricean approach, we elaborate on the Austinian ideas to be found in the philosophical literature and use them to account for (i) the variety and constitution of linguistic meaning, (ii) the structure and content of communicative acts, (iii) the mechanisms and cognitive underpinnings of verbal communication, and (iv) the evolutionary and developmental emergence of linguistic and communicative skills. In our research we combine the philosophical techniques of conceptual analysis with the methods of experimental pragmatics. Currently, we are carrying out research on presuppositions, accommodation, expressive communication, and demonstrative reference. Read more
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The Paraphrase Method and Ontological Disputes. The Analysis of Carnap’s, Ajdukiewicz’s and Quine’s Views
Investigator: Artur Kosecki , Grant: National Science Centre, Poland Grant No. 2016/21/N/HS1/03492
The aim of this project is to reconstruct the selected applications of paraphrases. Their usage will be analyzed on the basis of Carnap’s, Ajdukiewicz’s and Quine’s philosophy. The first one treated paraphrase as a means to indicate the verbal nature of ontology while the other two philosophers - to show substantive ontological problems. Another goal of this project is to analyze implicit premises of the following philosophical programs: Carnap’s idea of philosophy as the analysis of syntax and conceptual schemes, Ajdukiewicz’s semantic epistemology and Quine’s naturalized philosophy. This research will enable us to systematize views on paraphrase and present differences and similarities between its various applications. As a result, it will be possible to answer the question of what kind of analysis a paraphrase is: decompositional, regressive or transformative.